Malaria: Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention
Malaria is a fatal disease caused by Plasmodium parasites which are spread to people by the bite of infected mosquitoes. The plasmodium parasite is also known as “night-biting” mosquitoes. For thousands of years, many humans have suffered from malaria. According to the World Malaria Report, there were 247 million cases of it in 2021. It is common in tropical areas with hot and humid climates. It occurs all over the world like in Africa and South America. People who live in poverty and don’t have access to healthcare are more likely to have complications from the disease.
How it affects humans?
Malaria may cause jaundice and anemia due to the loss of red blood cells. People suffering from Malaria are typically sick with high fever, shaking chills, flu-like illness, vomiting and headaches. Symptoms may usually begin 10 to 15 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. If it is not treated properly, the infection can become severe and may cause kidney failure, mental confusion, coma and death. People may also experience pains in the abdomen and muscles. People at increased risk of serious diseases include young children, older adults, infants and travelers coming from another area.
Mosquito transmission cycle
- Uninfected mosquito:- A mosquito becomes infected by feeding on a person who has malaria.
- Transmission of parasite:- If the mosquito bites in the future it can transmit malaria parasites.
- From mother to unborn child
- Through blood transfusions
- By sharing needles used to inject drugs
Steps to protect from malaria disease
- Use mosquito net:- To keep mosquitoes away is a simple way.
- Use window nets:- Cover your windows and keep them closed.
- Use mosquito-repellent creams and bands:- There are many various mosquitoes repellents creams and bands available in the market to keep mosquitoes away.
- Use oil:- Oils may be applied to the water surface which suffocates the larvae and pupae.
- Prevention is better than cure:- Effective treatment is the cornerstone for prevention. Consult a specialist immediately if you notice any symptoms of malaria.
Food diet to eat during Malaria
A healthy diet should focus on boosting the patient’s immune system. We should use fresh fruits, vegetables, soups, glucose water, dal water, coconut water and fresh juices to work wonders for malaria patients.
Although there is no specific diet for malaria, good nutrition is essential for recovery.
Things to take care of during Malaria
- Stay away from spicy, fried, pickles, cake, sauces, tea, coffee and maida. You must eat light and digested food that is easy to intake.
- Drink boiled water regularly.
- Don’t let the symptoms last longer as soon as possible consult the doctor.
- Stay away from fats because they make your meal heavy and it is difficult to digest.
- Bath with warm water or neem water twice a day.
To decrease malaria infections world health programs distribute protected drugs and insecticide-treated bed nets to protect people from mosquito bites. Artemisinin drugs are the best treatment for patients suffering from malaria. Be safe and be aware of mosquitoes.